What happens to plastics collected in Cheltenham
Which plastics can you recycle in Cheltenham?
Residents can put all different colours of plastic bottles, pots, tubs and trays in their kerbside recycling box. Try to avoid buying products in black plastic because this isn't always recyclable. Remember to check your bathroom bins for shampoo bottles and other plastic items.
Some examples are pictured below. In 2019/20 Cheltenham Borough Council collected approximately 1,493 tonnes of plastic.
What happens to it after collection?
Plastics in Cheltenham are collected from your kerbside recycling boxes, the household recycling centre located at the Swindon Road depot and also at various bring sites across the town by our partner Ubico.
Ubico take the plastics to our recycling transfer station based at the Swindon Road depot as seen in the image with recycling vehicles. The plastics are sorted on a conveyor belt where a magnet picks up any items of metal that may be mixed in the plastic. Any other items such as card and paper are hand picked as it passes through. It then moves along another belt which begins the process of turning the pile of plastics into bales that are approximately 1 metre cubed and can weigh anything from 150kg to 300kg.
Once baled at the Swindon Road depot the bales are loaded onto an articulated vehicle to transport the material in bulk to a recycling company ready for processing. Cheltenham staff visited Roydon based in Swinton, Manchester to see our bales arrive to begin the next journey of recycling.
Roydon sort the plastic using numerous conveyor belts and sensors to separate into specific grades of plastic. This process is repeated two or three times to make sure that the grades are fully sorted before being placed into big cages ready to be heated into pellets or shredded into flake.
Below we have some images taken from the Manchester site showing the bales from Cheltenham and what they look like after the process has been completed.
Once the pellets and flake are ready they are then sent to manufacturers to begin the process of turning the recycled plastic into new items as mentioned in the table below.
|Original product||Grade of plastic||Potential future product|
Water bottles/Food trays
|Natural PET (Polyethylene Terephthalate)||Water bottles/Food trays|
|Butter/chocolate and sweet boxes containers etc.||PP trays (polypropylene)||Plant pots/other non-food grade applications|
|Black mixed trays (used for things like TV dinners) Please note black polystyrene trays are not accepted||Black PET/PP/PS trays||RDF (Refuse-derived fuel that can be burned to create electricity for the national grid) or SRF (Solid recovered fuel is used in pellets and logs for use in things like kilns as a slow burning fuel source)|
|Plastic milk bottles||Natural HDPE (high-density polyethylene resin)||Milk bottles|
|Detergent bottles||Jazz HDPE (high-density polyethylene resin)||Water pipe|
|Fizzy drinks bottles||Jazz PET (Polyethylene Terephthalate)||Horticultural trays|
We do everything we can to check that none of Cheltenham's plastics end up in plastic mountains in other countries. At present 58% of our plastics go to Roydon in England to be turned into flake, 32% to Printwaste who then ship it to Valencia in Spain to be turned into flake and 10% to Kedenburg in Germany to be turned into flake.
Cheltenham Borough Council supports the reduction in the use of plastics, particularly single use plastics, and would encourage all residents to actively find alternatives to plastics where possible and practical.